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Second Language Lexical Processes

Second Language Lexical Processes PDF Author: Zsolt Lengyel
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1853599662
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 191

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Book Description
Contains studies on second language lexical processes based on the findings by authors mostly from Central Europe. Questions of integration, storage, vocabulary acquisition and assessment, word retrieval, and lexical access are the focus of the studies, which include reference to language users from Finno-Ugric and Slavic language backgrounds.

Second Language Lexical Processes

Second Language Lexical Processes PDF Author: Zsolt Lengyel
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1853599662
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 191

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Book Description
Contains studies on second language lexical processes based on the findings by authors mostly from Central Europe. Questions of integration, storage, vocabulary acquisition and assessment, word retrieval, and lexical access are the focus of the studies, which include reference to language users from Finno-Ugric and Slavic language backgrounds.

Lexical Processing and Second Language Acquisition

Lexical Processing and Second Language Acquisition PDF Author: Natasha Tokowicz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135914257
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 122

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Book Description
Lexical Processing and Second Language Acquisition provides a comprehensive overview of research on second language lexical processing, integrating converging research and perspectives from Cognitive Science and Second Language Acquisition. The book begins by introducing the dominant issues addressed by research in the field in cognitive science and discussing the relevant models in the literature. It later moves toward exploring the different factors that impact second language lexical processing as well as cognitive neuroscientific approaches to the study of the issues discussed throughout the book. A concluding chapter offers a global summary of the key issues and research strands, in addition to directions for future research, with a list of recommended readings providing students and researchers with avenues for further study.

Lexical Processing in Second Language Learners

Lexical Processing in Second Language Learners PDF Author: Tess Fitzpatrick
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847699855
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Book Description
This book presents studies from authors at the cutting edge of second language vocabulary research, whose output represents much of the current focus and direction of work in this area. The authors address various aspects of L2 lexical processing and explore different models of acquisition, processing and storage. The studies are linked by the fact that the authors have all belonged to the same dynamic and influential vocabulary acquisition research group led by Paul Meara. Alison Wray provides an overview of how Meara has led this group’s research activities in an innovative PhD programme, and John Read and Paul Nation contribute a critical evaluation of Meara’s wide-ranging contributions to the field of vocabulary acquisition research. The research studies presented here are relevant and replicable, offering researchers and teachers many valuable and critical insights into lexical processing in second language learners.

Second Language Lexical Processes

Second Language Lexical Processes PDF Author: Zsolt Lengyel
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1788920643
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
The book contains studies on second language lexical processes based on empirical findings by authors mostly from Central Europe. The reader may have access to how lexical items are stored in the memory and also to how second language lexicons work in speech processing. Questions of the two lexicons’ integration or separation, the fashion of bilingual word storage, vocabulary acquisition and assessment, word retrieval from the memory and lexical access are the focus of the studies. The authors of the studies refer to analyses of different psycholinguistic experiments (e.g. a word association test, speech perception tests, a Cloze-test). Assessment of written work of second language learners both at secondary school and university levels is also provided. Second language lexical acquisition processes are described and the influences of different types of languages on each other are shown. The second languages involved are mainly internationally less widely investigated and published languages of Finno-Ugric (i.e. Hungarian) and Indo-European (e.g. Croatian, Polish, Russian, etc.) origin next to the more frequently studied English and German. The studies included in our volume focus on lexical acquisition and processing and also make reference to pedagogical questions. They include investigations of lexical perception, production, acquisitional processes and vocabulary assessment. The novelty of the book is that the studies make reference to Hungarian and a number of Slavic languages. They provide the reader with new perspectives on second language lexical acquisition processes when the source language and the target language are distinct from a typological point of view, the lexicon in processing terms. The book is intended for the use of undergraduate and graduate students of second language studies, psycholinguistics and/or bilingualism researchers, teachers and academics whose interests include a second language acquisition component.

Lexical Errors and Accuracy in Foreign Language Writing

Lexical Errors and Accuracy in Foreign Language Writing PDF Author: María del Pilar Agustín Llach
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847694764
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
Lexical errors are a determinant in gaining insight into vocabulary acquisition, vocabulary use and writing quality assessment. Lexical errors are very frequent in the written production of young EFL learners, but they decrease as learners gain proficiency. Misspellings are the most common category, but formal errors give way to semantic-based lexical errors as proficiency increases, likewise, the direct influence of the L1 also reduces in favour of more elaborated transfer mechanisms and L2 influence. The different categories of lexical errors indicate the stage of learning. This book uses a study of young EFL learners to suggest that lexical accuracy is a crucial component of writing assessment, and that lexical errors are useful in predicting writing quality.

First and second/ foreign Language

First and second/ foreign Language PDF Author: Evelyn Schmitz
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638018857
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 26

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Book Description
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,3, University of Frankfurt (Main) (IEAS), course: Hauptseminar HS Applied Linguistics and Second/Foreign Language Education, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: 1. Introduction “[T]he major challenge of learning and using a language – whether as L1 or L2 – lies not in the area of broad syntactic prin-ciples but in the ‘nitty-gritty’ of the lexicon.” (Singleton, 1999: 4) With this statement Singleton asserts that syntax learning is comparatively sim-ple to lexical acquisition. Because “language is largely a matter of words” (Sin-gleton, 1999: 8), words are essential for “linguistic communication” (Singleton, 1999: 9). Therefore, many researches on the mental lexicon of the human first language (L1) have been published, and an increasing number of publications on second and/or foreign language (L2) acquisition – in particular L2 lexical ac-quisition – have raised interest also in this domain. A crucial basis for research on L2 lexical acquisition is the awareness that the knowledge of at least one language is already present in the situation of acqui-sition. This basis leads to the following questions: • How does first language lexical acquisition proceed? • How does L2 lexical acquisition proceed in comparison to L1 lexical proc-esses? • To what extent are L1 and L2 mental lexicons separated from or inte-grated with each other? • To what extent are L1 and L2 lexical acquisition connected to the acqui-sition of grammar? • In what way does lexical processing work and what does it imply for lexi-cal acquisition? In this paper I do not only want to focus on these questions. Moreover, I want to consider the aspect of Foreign Language Education in terms of lexical acqui-sition. I will conclude my elaborations with regard to the question, what it actu-ally means to know a word. Nevertheless, I have to define some important terms which I will use frequently throughout the paper. L1 refers to the human mother tongue which is normally acquired during infancy and within the first few years of life. But L1 can also refer to a second bilingually acquired language with a mother-tongue-competence. On the contrary, L2 can refer to any other language which has been acquired after the acquisition of the native language. This does not neces-sarily have to be the second but can also be the fourth or sixth foreign lan-guage one acquires. Whenever I am referring to language learning, I normally mean lexical acquisition in particular, as this is the main focus of this paper. Moreover, I frequently use terms such as ‘word’, ‘lexical unit’, ‘lexical item’ etc., which I do not further differentiate. I use them rather synonymously.

Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition

Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition PDF Author: Judit Kormos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134814739
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Book Description
This extremely up-to-date book, Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition, is the first volume in the exciting new series, Cognitive Science and Second Language Acquisition. This new volume provides a thorough overview of the field and proposes a new integrative model of how L2 speech is produced. The study of speech production is its own subfield within cognitive science. One of the aims of this new book, as is true of the series, is to make cognitive science theory accessible to second language acquisition. Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition examines how research on second language and bilingual speech production can be grounded in L1 research conducted in cognitive science and in psycholinguistics. Highlighted is a coherent and straightforward introduction to the bilingual lexicon and its role in spoken language performance. Like the rest of the series, Speech Production and Second Language Acquisition is tutorial in style, intended as a supplementary textbook for undergraduates and graduate students in programs of cognitive science, second language acquisition, applied linguistics, and language pedagogy.

Prediction in Second Language Processing and Learning

Prediction in Second Language Processing and Learning PDF Author: Edith Kaan
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027258945
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 234

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Book Description
There is ample evidence that language users, including second-language (L2) users, can predict upcoming information during listening and reading. Yet it is still unclear when, how, and why language users engage in prediction, and what the relation is between prediction and learning. This volume presents a collection of current research, insights, and directions regarding the role of prediction in L2 processing and learning. The contributions in this volume specifically address how different (L1-based) theoretical models of prediction apply to or may be expanded to account for L2 processing, report new insights on factors (linguistic, cognitive, social) that modulate L2 users’ engagement in prediction, and discuss the functions that prediction may or may not serve in L2 processing and learning. Taken together, this volume illustrates various fruitful approaches to investigating and accounting for differences in predictive processing within and across individuals, as well as across populations.

Language Processing and Second Language Development

Language Processing and Second Language Development PDF Author: Manfred Pienemann
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027285535
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 366

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Book Description
This book marks a new development in the field of second language acquisition research. It explores the way in which language processing mechanisms shape the course of language development. Language Processing and Second Language Development thus adds one major psychological component to the search for a theory of second language acquisition. The core of the book is Pienemann’s Processability Theory which spells out which second language forms are processable at which developmental stage. The theory is based on recent research into language processing and is formalised within Lexical-Functional Grammar. The predictions of the theory are applied to the second language development of English, German, Japanese and Swedish. The theory is also tested in on-line experiments. In addition, Processability Theory has major implications for interlanguage variation (including task variation) and age-related differences in language acquisition. All of these issues are explored from a processing perspective with theoretical and empirical rigor.

Second-Language Speech

Second-Language Speech PDF Author: Allan James
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110882930
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 355

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Book Description
Language acquisition is a human endeavor par excellence. As children, all human beings learn to understand and speak at least one language: their mother tongue. It is a process that seems to take place without any obvious effort. Second language learning, particularly among adults, causes more difficulty. The purpose of this series is to compile a collection of high-quality monographs on language acquisition. The series serves the needs of everyone who wants to know more about the problem of language acquisition in general and/or about language acquisition in specific contexts.