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Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources

Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources PDF Author: Andreas W. Ebert
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3036508945
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 672

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Book Description
The papers included in this Special Issue address a variety of important aspects of plant biodiversity and genetic resources, including definitions, descriptions, and illustrations of different components and their value for food and nutrition security, breeding, and environmental services. Furthermore, comprehensive information is provided regarding conservation approaches and techniques for plant genetic resources, policy aspects, and results of biological, genetic, morphological, economic, social, and breeding-related research activities. The complexity and vulnerability of (plant) biodiversity and its inherent genetic resources, as an integral part of the contextual ecosystem and the human web of life, are clearly demonstrated in this Special Issue, and for several encountered problems and constraints, possible approaches or solutions are presented to overcome these.

Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources

Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources PDF Author: Andreas W. Ebert
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3036508945
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 672

View

Book Description
The papers included in this Special Issue address a variety of important aspects of plant biodiversity and genetic resources, including definitions, descriptions, and illustrations of different components and their value for food and nutrition security, breeding, and environmental services. Furthermore, comprehensive information is provided regarding conservation approaches and techniques for plant genetic resources, policy aspects, and results of biological, genetic, morphological, economic, social, and breeding-related research activities. The complexity and vulnerability of (plant) biodiversity and its inherent genetic resources, as an integral part of the contextual ecosystem and the human web of life, are clearly demonstrated in this Special Issue, and for several encountered problems and constraints, possible approaches or solutions are presented to overcome these.

Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources

Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources PDF Author: Andreas W. Ebert
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783036508955
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 672

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Book Description
The papers included in this Special Issue address a variety of important aspects of plant biodiversity and genetic resources, including definitions, descriptions, and illustrations of different components and their value for food and nutrition security, breeding, and environmental services. Furthermore, comprehensive information is provided regarding conservation approaches and techniques for plant genetic resources, policy aspects, and results of biological, genetic, morphological, economic, social, and breeding-related research activities. The complexity and vulnerability of (plant) biodiversity and its inherent genetic resources, as an integral part of the contextual ecosystem and the human web of life, are clearly demonstrated in this Special Issue, and for several encountered problems and constraints, possible approaches or solutions are presented to overcome these.

The Conservation of Plant Biodiversity

The Conservation of Plant Biodiversity PDF Author: Otto Herzberg Frankel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521467315
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 299

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Book Description
Discusses the various options for conserving plants at the level of the gene, species and community.

Plant Genetic Resources, Inventory, Collection and Conservation

Plant Genetic Resources, Inventory, Collection and Conservation PDF Author: Siva Ramamoorthy
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811676992
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 533

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Book Description
This edited book deals with plant genetic resources and their status, availability, and ecological niche in natural habitat. Usage and conservation practices followed by various tribal communities and their rationale are also discussed in the book. The book explores application of biological tools to conserve plant species and optimization protocols for conservation and elicitation of secondary metabolites and other value addition products. The book is organized into sub-themes covering: (i) Ecological status of plant genetic resources (ii) Traditional ethnobotanical knowledge and conservation practices (iii) Ex-situ conservation practices and bioprospecting Globally, plant genetic resources are deeply rooted in culture and economy. Since the early 1990s, the changing socio-economic situation has increasingly put pressure on plant genetic resources, in some cases leading to a severe loss of their diversity. For this reason, most vulnerable areas at risk of genetic erosion have been demarcated and protected by forest laws and regulations. Therefore, this book brings to light the opinions of leading experts in the area of ecology, conservation biodiversity, ethanobotany, and bioprospecting of plant genetic resources. The book is for use by graduate and advanced undergraduate students and researchers in plant physiology, molecular biology, biochemistry, and agriculture. Additionally, it is extremely useful as a general reference on conservation of flora and large-scale cultivation.

Making Nature, Shaping Culture

Making Nature, Shaping Culture PDF Author:
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803212565
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 261

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Book Description
For ages, farmers have domesticated plant varieties, while scientists have "made" nature through hybridization and other processes. This give and take-mediated through negotiations, persuasion, the marketplace, and even coercion-has resulted in what we call "nature" and has led to a homogenization of plant crops. Yet homogenization has led to new problems: genetic vulnerability, and the lack of systems to maintain plant germplasm of varieties no longer grown in the fields. This book addresses issues previously viewed as primarily technical concerning the germplasm debate: that is, how, what, and where to store the range of genetic materials necessary to reproduce plants. By examining Brazil, Chile, France, and the United States, the authors show how different cultures respond to the decline in genetic diversity. The findings show that the quest for uniformity in foods, agriculture, and environment eventually threatens everyone. The politicization of this debate is inevitable because the destruction of human cultural diversity goes hand in hand with the destruction of plant varietal diversity. The authors agree that responses to the controversies must involve food security, relinking of food with agriculture and the environment, revaluing traditional knowledge, and rethinking development. They stress that answers will be found not by experts acting unilaterally but through the democratization of scientific and technical exchange. Lawrence Busch is professor of sociology at Michigan State University. William B. Lacy is director of the Cooperative Extension Service at Cornell University. Jeffrey Burkhardt is a professor of agricultural economics at the Institute for Food and AgriculturalSciences at the University of Florida. Douglas Hemken is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Rural Sociology at the University of Wisconsin. Jubel Moraga-Rojel is professor of sociology at the Universidade Australe del Chile. Timothy Koponen is a Ph.D. candidate in sociology at Northwestern University and Josi de Souza Silva is with the Commission on Plant Genetic Resources at FAO in Rome.

Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources

Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Biodiversity
Languages : en
Pages : 10

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Book Description


Biodiversity and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources in Asia

Biodiversity and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources in Asia PDF Author: Young Goo Park
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Biodiversity
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description


Plant Genetic Resources and Food Security

Plant Genetic Resources and Food Security PDF Author: Christine Frison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136536841
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is a pivotal piece of recent legislation, providing a route map for the use of such resources for sustainable agriculture and food security. This book explains clearly the different interests and views at stake between all players in the global food chain. Published with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and Bioversity International.

Conservation of Genetic Resources

Conservation of Genetic Resources PDF Author: Detlef Virchow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642584500
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 243

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Book Description
Over the past decade the importance of natural resources for sustainable agricultural development has been increasingly discussed at international forums and conferences. Aside from the sustainable management of soil, water, and air, it now seems to be accepted that the sustainable management of genetic resources is one of the four indispensable preconditions for a sustainable agriculture. The discussion on conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), however, has to reflect the costs of conservation as well. These have not yet been discussed intensively. The study analyzes the conservation costs of plant genetic resources; it also assesses the effectiveness of conservation and the efficiency of the different conservation instruments. It is based on extensive surveys in relevant countries. Following the detailed cost and impact analysis, the results show that the effectiveness of conservation strategies may be increased.

Plant Conservation Genetics

Plant Conservation Genetics PDF Author: Robert J Henry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 180

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Book Description
A practical guide that covers both in situ and ex situ techniques for plant diversity conservation The conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources is of increasing importance globally. Plant Conservation Genetics addresses this issue by providing an extensive overview of this emerging area of science, exploring various practical strategies and the latest technology for conservation of plant biodiversity. Leading specialists and experts discuss topics ranging from the science’s foundations through every aspect of plant conservation genetics. This informative text includes several ex situ (outside of natural habitat) and in situ (inside of natural habitat) techniques for plant conservation useful for researchers, educators, and students. Plant Conservation Genetics first reviews the importance, opportunities, and numerous advantages of this type of conservation, then explores various effective ex situ (for specific species) and in situ (for certain species on up to full ecosystems and habitats) techniques for conservation. Essential detailed information is presented on collection strategies, botanic gardens, DNA banks, biodiversity management, and genetic resources in seedbanks. Each specialist reveals his or her personal experience of working in the field, allowing direct experience to illustrate and provide expert perspective on the key issues of plant conservation. The book is carefully referenced and includes tables and figures to enhance clarity of data. Plant Conservation Genetics topics include: strategies for plant conservation opportunities for application of plant conservation genetics botanic garden conservation DNA extraction and storage field genebanks in vitro techniques cryopreservation germplasm collection and management collecting missions genetic and biological property rights and benefit-sharing database and sample management for genebank collections monitoring and maintaining ecosystems in in situ conservation habitat fragmentation molecular analysis of plant genetic resources molecular marker analysis nuclear, mitochondrial, and chloroplast genome analysis genomics in the management of plant biodiversity Plant Conservation Genetics is a comprehensive desktop resource perfect for botanists, plant scientists, agricultural scientists, environmentalists, gardeners, and educators and students.