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Optimizing Structure in Context: Scrambling and Information Structure

Optimizing Structure in Context: Scrambling and Information Structure PDF Author: Hye-Won Choi
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 512

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Optimizing Structure in Context: Scrambling and Information Structure

Optimizing Structure in Context: Scrambling and Information Structure PDF Author: Hye-Won Choi
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 512

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Book Description


Context-Dependence in the Analysis of Linguistic Meaning

Context-Dependence in the Analysis of Linguistic Meaning PDF Author: Hans Kamp
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004487220
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 566

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Book Description
This collection of papers addresses context-dependence and methods for dealing with it. The book also records comments to the papers and the authors' replies to the comments. In this way, the contributions themselves are contextually dependent. It represents an inquiry into the activities on the semantics side of the pragmatics boundary.

Topology Optimization Design of Heterogeneous Materials and Structures

Topology Optimization Design of Heterogeneous Materials and Structures PDF Author: Daicong Da
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119687578
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
This book pursues optimal design from the perspective of mechanical properties and resistance to failure caused by cracks and fatigue. The book abandons the scale separation hypothesis and takes up phase-field modeling, which is at the cutting edge of research and is of high industrial and practical relevance. Part 1 starts by testing the limits of the homogenization-based approach when the size of the representative volume element is non-negligible compared to the structure. The book then introduces a non-local homogenization scheme to take into account the strain gradient effects. Using a phase field method, Part 2 offers three significant contributions concerning optimal placement of the inclusion phases. Respectively, these contributions take into account fractures in quasi-brittle materials, interface cracks and periodic composites. The topology optimization proposed has significantly increased the fracture resistance of the composites studied.

Word Order

Word Order PDF Author: Jae Jung Song
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107377277
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Word order is one of the major properties on which languages are compared and its study is fundamental to linguistics. This comprehensive survey provides an up-to-date, critical overview of this widely debated topic, exploring and evaluating word order research carried out in four major theoretical frameworks – linguistic typology, generative grammar, optimality theory and processing-based theories. It is the first book to bring these theoretical approaches together in one place and is therefore a one-stop resource covering the current developments in word order research. It explains word order patterns in different languages and at different structural levels and critically evaluates (and where possible, compares) the theoretical assumptions and word order principles used in the different approaches. Also highlighted are issues and problems that require further investigation or remain unresolved. This book will be invaluable to those investigating word order, and researchers and students in syntax, linguistic theory and typology.

The Syntactic Structures of Korean

The Syntactic Structures of Korean PDF Author: Jong-Bok Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316720713
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Covering both core and peripheral phenomena, The Syntactic Structures of Korean is a concrete and precise grammar of the language. Based on the framework of Sign-based Construction Grammar, it provides a grammar of Korean which is computationally implementable and cognitively viable. Remarkably broad, yet in-depth, it is an outstanding analysis of Korean syntax and semantics which will be welcomed by those working in linguistics and the Korean language.

Large Scale Optimization

Large Scale Optimization PDF Author: William W. Hager
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461336325
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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Book Description
On February 15-17, 1993, a conference on Large Scale Optimization, hosted by the Center for Applied Optimization, was held at the University of Florida. The con ference was supported by the National Science Foundation, the U. S. Army Research Office, and the University of Florida, with endorsements from SIAM, MPS, ORSA and IMACS. Forty one invited speakers presented papers on mathematical program ming and optimal control topics with an emphasis on algorithm development, real world applications and numerical results. Participants from Canada, Japan, Sweden, The Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Greece, and Denmark gave the meeting an important international component. At tendees also included representatives from IBM, American Airlines, US Air, United Parcel Serice, AT & T Bell Labs, Thinking Machines, Army High Performance Com puting Research Center, and Argonne National Laboratory. In addition, the NSF sponsored attendance of thirteen graduate students from universities in the United States and abroad. Accurate modeling of scientific problems often leads to the formulation of large scale optimization problems involving thousands of continuous and/or discrete vari ables. Large scale optimization has seen a dramatic increase in activities in the past decade. This has been a natural consequence of new algorithmic developments and of the increased power of computers. For example, decomposition ideas proposed by G. Dantzig and P. Wolfe in the 1960's, are now implement able in distributed process ing systems, and today many optimization codes have been implemented on parallel machines.

Scrambling and the Survive Principle

Scrambling and the Survive Principle PDF Author: Michael T. Putnam
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027291969
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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Book Description
Languages with free word orders pose daunting challenges to linguistic theory because they raise questions about the nature of grammatical strings. Ross, who coined the term Scrambling to refer to the relatively ‘free’ word orders found in Germanic languages (among others) notes that “... the problems involved in specifying exactly the subset of the strings which will be generated ... are far too complicated for me to even mention here, let alone come to grips with” (1967:52). This book offers a radical re-analysis of middle field Scrambling. It argues that Scrambling is a concatenation effect, as described in Stroik’s (1999, 2000, 2007) Survive analysis of minimalist syntax, driven by an interpretable referentiality feature [Ref] to the middle field, where syntactically encoded features for temporality and other world indices are checked. The purpose of this book is to investigate the syntactic properties of middle field Scrambling in synchronic West Germanic languages, and to explore, to what possible extent we can classify Scrambling as a ‘syntactic phenomenon’ within Survive-minimalist desiderata.

The Syntax and Semantics of Noun Modifiers and the Theory of Universal Grammar

The Syntax and Semantics of Noun Modifiers and the Theory of Universal Grammar PDF Author: Min-Joo Kim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030058867
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 321

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Book Description
This book takes Korean as a basis to provide a detailed universal Determiner Phrase (DP) structure. Adnominal adjectival expressions are apparently optional noun dependents but their syntax and semantics have been shown to provide an important window on the internal structure of DP. By carefully examining data from Korean, an understudied language, as well as from other unrelated languages, the book provides a broad perspective on the phenomenon of noun modification and its cross-linguistic variations. Furthermore, it offers not only a thorough syntactic analysis but also a formal semantic analysis of noun modifiers that extends beyond a single language. This book will be of great interest to researchers interested in theoretical syntax, its interfaces with semantics, pragmatics, linguistic typology, and language variation. ​

Variation in Language: System- and Usage-based Approaches

Variation in Language: System- and Usage-based Approaches PDF Author: Aria Adli
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110346850
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 321

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Book Description
Where is the locus of language variation? In the grammar, outside the grammar or somewhere in between? Taking up the debate between system- and usage-based approaches, this volume provides new discussions of fundamental issues of language variation. It includes several highly insightful theoretical contributions as well as innovative empirical studies considering different types of data, the role of priming in language change and rare phenomena.

Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems

Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems PDF Author: Marc Maes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789058095794
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 404

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Book Description
This volume contains papers presented at the 11th scientific meeting of the IFIP working group on reliability and optimization of structural systems. The purpose of Working Group 7.5 is to promote modern structural system reliability and optimization theory and its applications; stimulate research, development, and application; assist and advance research and development; further the dissemination and exchange of information; and encourage education. The main themes include structural reliability methods and applications, engineering risk analysis and decision-making, new optimization techniques and various applications in civil engineering.