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Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Plant Control

Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Plant Control PDF Author: Yoshiaki Oka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431541950
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 305

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Book Description
Understanding time-dependent behaviors of nuclear reactors and the methods of their control is essential to the operation and safety of nuclear power plants. This book provides graduate students, researchers, and engineers in nuclear engineering comprehensive information on both the fundamental theory of nuclear reactor kinetics and control and the state-of-the-art practice in actual plants, as well as the idea of how to bridge the two. The first part focuses on understanding fundamental nuclear kinetics. It introduces delayed neutrons, fission chain reactions, point kinetics theory, reactivity feedbacks, and related measurement techniques. The second part helps readers to grasp the theories and practice of nuclear power plant control. It introduces control theory, nuclear reactor stability, and the operation and control of existing nuclear power plants such as a typical pressurized water reactor, a typical boiling water reactor, the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju, and the high-temperature gas-cooled test reactor (HTTR). Wherever possible, the design and operation data for these plants are provided.

Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Plant Control

Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Plant Control PDF Author: Yoshiaki Oka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431541950
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 305

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Book Description
Understanding time-dependent behaviors of nuclear reactors and the methods of their control is essential to the operation and safety of nuclear power plants. This book provides graduate students, researchers, and engineers in nuclear engineering comprehensive information on both the fundamental theory of nuclear reactor kinetics and control and the state-of-the-art practice in actual plants, as well as the idea of how to bridge the two. The first part focuses on understanding fundamental nuclear kinetics. It introduces delayed neutrons, fission chain reactions, point kinetics theory, reactivity feedbacks, and related measurement techniques. The second part helps readers to grasp the theories and practice of nuclear power plant control. It introduces control theory, nuclear reactor stability, and the operation and control of existing nuclear power plants such as a typical pressurized water reactor, a typical boiling water reactor, the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju, and the high-temperature gas-cooled test reactor (HTTR). Wherever possible, the design and operation data for these plants are provided.

Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Control

Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Control PDF Author: Jeffery Lewins
Publisher: Pergamon
ISBN:
Category : Nuclear reactor kinetics
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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An Introduction to the Neutron Kinetics of Nuclear Power Reactors

An Introduction to the Neutron Kinetics of Nuclear Power Reactors PDF Author: J. G. Tyror
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483148920
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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Book Description
An Introduction to the Neutron Kinetics of Nuclear Power Reactors introduces the reader to the neutron kinetics of nuclear power reactors. Topics covered include the neutron physics of reactor kinetics, feedback effects, water-moderated reactors, fast reactors, and methods of plant control. The reactor transients following faults are also discussed, along with the use of computers in the study of power reactor kinetics. This book is comprised of eight chapters and begins with an overview of the reactor physics characteristics of a nuclear power reactor and their influence on system design and operation. The use of a mathematical model of the system to study reactor kinetics and control is described. The following chapters explore the neutronic aspects of reactor kinetics; the interaction between neutronic events and the behavior of other physical quantities of the reactor; the influence of feedback effects on neutron kinetics; and the neutron kinetics of water-moderated reactors and fast reactors. The different control schemes for nuclear power reactors are also considered. The final chapter looks at the use of computers to solve the equations of kinetic models for nuclear power reactors. This monograph will be a useful resource for nuclear scientists, physicists, and engineers.

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors - Volume I

Nuclear Energy Materials And Reactors - Volume I PDF Author: Yassin A. Hassan
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848263112
Category : Nuclear reactors
Languages : en
Pages : 428

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Book Description
Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Nuclear energy is a type of technology involving the controlled use of nuclear fission to release energy for work including propulsion, heat, and the generation of electricity. The theme on Nuclear Energy Materials and Reactors discusses: Fundamentals of Nuclear Energy; Nuclear Physics; Nuclear Interactions; Nuclear Reactor Theory; Nuclear Reactor Design; Nuclear Reactor Kinetics; Reactivity Changes; Nuclear Power Plants; Pressurized Water Reactors; Boiling Water Reactors; Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors; Heavy Water Light Water Reactors; Advanced Gas Cooled Reactors; Light Water Graphite Reactors; High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors; Pebble Bed Modular Reactor; Radioactive Wastes, Origins, Classification and Management; Nuclear Reactor Overview and Reactor Cycles; The Nuclear Reactor Closed Cycle; Safety of Boiling Water Reactors; Supercritical Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: Review and Status; The Gas-Turbine Modular Helium Reactor; Application of Risk Assessment to Nuclear Power Plants; Production and Recycling Resources for Nuclear Fission. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers.

Reactor Kinetics: a Bibliography

Reactor Kinetics: a Bibliography PDF Author: M. Bloomfield
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Nuclear reactors
Languages : en
Pages : 52

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Nuclear Fission Reactors

Nuclear Fission Reactors PDF Author: I. R. Cameron
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461335272
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 398

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Book Description
This book is intended to provide an introduction to the basic principles of nuclear fission reactors for advanced undergraduate or graduate students of physics and engineering. The presentation is also suitable for physicists or engineers who are entering the nuclear power field without previous experience with nuclear reactors. No background knowledge is required beyond that typically acquired in the first two years of an undergraduate program in physics or engineering. Throughout, the emphasis is on explaining why particular reactor systems have evolved in the way they have, without going into great detail about reactor physics or methods of design analysis, which are already covered in a number of excellent specialist texts. The first two chapters serve as an introduction to the basic physics of the atom and the nucleus and to nuclear fission and the nuclear chain reaction. Chapter 3 deals with the fundamentals of nuclear reactor theory, covering neutron slowing down and the spatial dependence of the neutron flux in the reactor, based on the solution of the diffusion equations. The chapter includes a major section on reactor kinetics and control, including'tempera ture and void coefficients and xenon poisoning effects in power reactors. Chapter 4 describes various aspects offuel management and fuel cycles, while Chapter 5 considers materials problems for fuel and other constituents of the reactor. The processes of heat generation and removal are covered in Chapter 6.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Nuclear energy
Languages : en
Pages :

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Time-optimum Control of Nuclear Reactors with Velocity-limited Control Devices

Time-optimum Control of Nuclear Reactors with Velocity-limited Control Devices PDF Author: Thomas P. Mulcahey
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Automatic control
Languages : en
Pages : 124

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Book Description
Since there is no single controller that will give optimum response to all reactor systems, a particular model of a reactor is established. It is based on the EBR-II fast reactor power system. The model developed assumes a coolant flow rate that is approximately linear with power. The resultant power reactivity feedback then assumes the approximate form of the natural logarithm of the power.

Nuclear Reactor Engineering

Nuclear Reactor Engineering PDF Author: Samuel Glasstone
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461520835
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 381

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Book Description
Dr. Samuel Glasstone, the senior author of the previous editions of this book, was anxious to live until his ninetieth birthday, but passed away in 1986, a few months short of this milestone. I am grateful for the many years of stimulation received during our association, and in preparing this edition have attempted to maintain his approach. Previous editions of this book were intended to serve as a text for students and a reference for practicing engineers. Emphasis was given to the broad perspective, particularly for topics important to reactor design and oper ation, with basic coverage provided in such supporting areas as neutronics, thermal-hydraulics, and materials. This, the Fourth Edition, was prepared with these same general objectives in mind. However, during the past three decades, the nuclear industry and university educational programs have matured considerably, presenting some challenges in meeting the objec tives of this book. Nuclear power reactors have become much more complex, with an ac companying growth in supporting technology. University programs now offer separate courses covering such basic topics as reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, and materials. Finally, the general availability of inexpensive xv xvi Preface powerful micro-and minicomputers has transformed design and analysis procedures so that sophisticated methods are now commonly used instead of earlier, more approximate approaches.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Nuclear energy
Languages : en
Pages : 1166

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