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Eugene Garfield 1925-2017

Eugene Garfield 1925-2017 PDF Author: Antonella De Robbio
Publisher: Centre for Inforamtics Research and Development/ Centre for South Indian Studies
ISBN:
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 88

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Book Description
Garfield's greatest contribution to science was the Science Citation Index (SCI). It is a system that used to chart connections between pieces of scientific literature. It is not only an intellectual achievement, but also an information-engineering marvel covering millions of records, from numerous subject fields and communicated over worldwide networks. These databases became the foundation of the online research tool called the Web of Knowledge. And it has now become accessible electronically via the Web of Science. Garfield enabled information retrieval to scale up basically creating the entire information science field, as we know it today. His life and work will surely inspire generations of scientists in advancing the frontiers of human knowledge. This is Informatics Studies 4(2), which is Eugene Garfield Memorial Issue. It gives a bird's eye view of Garfield's life and work and consist of an 80 page interview of Garfield published in print for the first time presenting his views on impact of information systems in scientific research, NGOs, the future of Open Access, current research, and Big science which can guide academic administrators, science policy makers in governments and scientists.

Eugene Garfield 1925-2017

Eugene Garfield 1925-2017 PDF Author: Antonella De Robbio
Publisher: Centre for Inforamtics Research and Development/ Centre for South Indian Studies
ISBN:
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 88

View

Book Description
Garfield's greatest contribution to science was the Science Citation Index (SCI). It is a system that used to chart connections between pieces of scientific literature. It is not only an intellectual achievement, but also an information-engineering marvel covering millions of records, from numerous subject fields and communicated over worldwide networks. These databases became the foundation of the online research tool called the Web of Knowledge. And it has now become accessible electronically via the Web of Science. Garfield enabled information retrieval to scale up basically creating the entire information science field, as we know it today. His life and work will surely inspire generations of scientists in advancing the frontiers of human knowledge. This is Informatics Studies 4(2), which is Eugene Garfield Memorial Issue. It gives a bird's eye view of Garfield's life and work and consist of an 80 page interview of Garfield published in print for the first time presenting his views on impact of information systems in scientific research, NGOs, the future of Open Access, current research, and Big science which can guide academic administrators, science policy makers in governments and scientists.

Handbook Bibliometrics

Handbook Bibliometrics PDF Author: Rafael Ball
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110646617
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 541

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Book Description
Bibliometrics and altmetrics are increasingly becoming the focus of interest in the context of research evaluation. The Handbook Bibliometrics provides a comprehensive introduction to quantifying scientific output in addition to a historical derivation, individual indicators, institutions, application perspectives and data bases. Furthermore, application scenarios, training and qualification on bibliometrics and their implications are considered.

Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age

Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age PDF Author: Svetla Baykoucheva
Publisher: Chandos Publishing
ISBN: 0128237244
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Book Description
New digital technologies have transformed how scientific information is created, disseminated—and discovered. The emergence of new forms of scientific publishing based on open science and open access have caused a major shift in scientific communication and a restructuring of the flow of information. Specialized indexing services and search engines are trying to get into information seekers’ minds to understand what users are actually looking for when typing all these keywords or drawing chemical structures. Using artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, and semantic indexing, these "discovery agents" are trying to anticipate users’ information needs. In this highly competitive environment, authors should not sit and rely only on publishers, search engines, and indexing services to make their works visible. They need to communicate about their research and reach out to a larger audience. Driving Science Information Discovery in the Digital Age looks through the "eyes" of the main "players" in this "game" and examines the discovery of scientific information from three different, but intertwined, perspectives: Discovering, managing, and using information (Information seeker perspective) Publishing, disseminating, and making information discoverable (Publisher perspective) Creating, spreading, and promoting information (Author perspective). Presents an overview of the current scientific publishing landscape Shows how users can search for scientific information more efficiently Critically analyses the metrics used to measure the quality of journals and the impact of research Looks at the discovery of scientific information from the perspectives of information seekers, publishers, and authors Delves into the practices used by specialized indexing services and search engines to process scientific information and make it discoverable Recommends strategies that authors could use to promote their research.

Cold War Social Science

Cold War Social Science PDF Author: Mark Solovey
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030702464
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
This book explores how the social sciences became entangled with the global Cold War. While duly recognizing the realities of nation states, national power, and national aspirations, the studies gathered here open up new lines of transnational investigation. Considering developments in a wide array of fields – anthropology, development studies, economics, education, political science, psychology, science studies, and sociology – that involved the movement of people, projects, funding, and ideas across diverse national contexts, this volume pushes scholars to rethink certain fundamental points about how we should understand – and thus how we should study – Cold War social science itself.

Research Analytics

Research Analytics PDF Author: Francisco J. Cantu-Ortiz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351651943
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
The growth of machines and users of the Internet has led to the proliferation of all sorts of data concerning individuals, institutions, companies, governments, universities, and all kinds of known objects and events happening everywhere in daily life. Scientific knowledge is not an exception to the data boom. The phenomenon of data growth in science pushes forth as the number of scientific papers published doubles every 9–15 years, and the need for methods and tools to understand what is reported in scientific literature becomes evident. As the number of academicians and innovators swells, so do the number of publications of all types, yielding outlets of documents and depots of authors and institutions that need to be found in Bibliometric databases. These databases are dug into and treated to hand over metrics of research performance by means of Scientometrics that analyze the toil of individuals, institutions, journals, countries, and even regions of the world. The objective of this book is to assist students, professors, university managers, government, industry, and stakeholders in general, understand which are the main Bibliometric databases, what are the key research indicators, and who are the main players in university rankings and the methodologies and approaches that they employ in producing ranking tables. The book is divided into two sections. The first looks at Scientometric databases, including Scopus and Google Scholar as well as institutional repositories. The second section examines the application of Scientometrics to world-class universities and the role that Scientometrics can play in competition among them. It looks at university rankings and the methodologies used to create these rankings. Individual chapters examine specific rankings that include: QS World University Scimago Institutions Webometrics U-Multirank U.S. News & World Report The book concludes with a discussion of university performance in the age of research analytics.

Scientometrics for the Humanities and Social Sciences

Scientometrics for the Humanities and Social Sciences PDF Author: R. Sooryamoorthy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000258106
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 184

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Book Description
Scientometrics for the Humanities and Social Sciences is the first ever book on scientometrics that deals with the historical development of both quantitative and qualitative data analysis in scientometric studies. It focuses on its applicability in new and emerging areas of inquiry. This important book presents the inherent potential for data mining and analysis of qualitative data in scientometrics. The author provides select cases of scientometric studies in the humanities and social sciences, explaining their research objectives, sources of data and methodologies. It illustrates how data can be gathered not only from prominent online databases and repositories, but also from journals that are not stored in these databases. With the support of specific examples, the book shows how data on demographic variables can be collected to supplement scientometric data. The book deals with a research methodology which has an increasing applicability not only to the study of science, but also to the study of the disciplines in the humanities and social sciences.

Raising the Impact of Education Research in Africa

Raising the Impact of Education Research in Africa PDF Author: Charl C. Wolhuter
Publisher: AOSIS
ISBN: 1928396801
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 442

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Book Description
The low demonstrable effect of education research done in South Africa in particular – and Africa in general – continues to be a problem in scientific records in the educational sciences. This scholarly collected work addresses this obstacle and focuses on recommendations from scholars in different sectorial categories in the field of education. Scholars from a variety of sub-fields within the educational sciences reflect on this particular matter, revisiting the history of research and research outcomes and offering informed recommendations based on in-depth investigation and analysis of aspects of the various discourses within the relevant sub-fields. The scope of the content of this collected work centres on the issue of the lack of scientific records concerning the scientific raising of the impact of education research. The book aims at making a specific contribution to the educational sciences by stimulating scholarly discussion around how to increase the recording of the significance of educational research done in Africa, and in South Africa in particular, and to redirect the research agenda into the direction of making more impact. Impact is conceptualised to mean both scholarly impact (that is being cited and being used as foundation for theory building and for further research) and practical impact (that is improvement of practice, teaching and learning in education institutions at all levels).

Open Science: the Very Idea

Open Science: the Very Idea PDF Author: Frank Miedema
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9402421157
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 247

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Book Description
This open access book provides a broad context for the understanding of current problems of science and of the different movements aiming to improve the societal impact of science and research. The author offers insights with regard to ideas, old and new, about science, and their historical origins in philosophy and sociology of science, which is of interest to a broad readership. The book shows that scientifically grounded knowledge is required and helpful in understanding intellectual and political positions in various discussions on the grand challenges of our time and how science makes impact on society. The book reveals why interventions that look good or even obvious, are often met with resistance and are hard to realize in practice. Based on a thorough analysis, as well as personal experiences in aids research, university administration and as a science observer, the author provides - while being totally open regarding science's limitations- a realistic narrative about how research is conducted, and how reliable ‘objective’ knowledge is produced. His idea of science, which draws heavily on American pragmatism, fits in with the global Open Science movement. It is argued that Open Science is a truly and historically unique movement in that it translates the analysis of the problems of science into major institutional actions of system change in order to improve academic culture and the impact of science, engaging all actors in the field of science and academia.

Information Visualization Techniques in the Social Sciences and Humanities

Information Visualization Techniques in the Social Sciences and Humanities PDF Author: Osinska, Veslava
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522549919
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
The representation of abstract data and ideas can be a difficult and tedious task to handle when learning new concepts; however, the advances in emerging technology have allowed for new methods of representing such conceptual data. Information Visualization Techniques in the Social Sciences and Humanities is a critical scholarly resource that examines the application of information visualization in the social sciences and humanities. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as social network analysis, complex systems, and visualization aesthetics, this book is geared towards professionals, students, and researchers seeking current research on information visualization.

INTEGRATING DIVERSITY, COOPERATION, AND INNOVATION: a framework for modern management

INTEGRATING DIVERSITY, COOPERATION, AND INNOVATION: a framework for modern management PDF Author: Michał Jasieński
Publisher: Societas Vistulana
ISBN: 8365548666
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 212

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Book Description
When writing this book I aim to accomplish several goals. First, I would like to show that building a cooperative environment for a diverse workforce is a crucial antecedent to any attempts at building innovativeness. Diversity expresses itself in various forms. It may be the fact that men and women may have different creative sensitivities (Chapter 11), or that the employees differ in their views on the importance of various components of the business model (Chapter 3), or that different employee groups or different companies employ different strategies with respect to innovation management (Chapter 7). Being aware of these sources of diversity may be of practical importance for thoughtful managers. Second, the heuristic methods described in Chapters 4, 10, and 11 are well suited for managerial practice, since they are the tools ready to be implemented in everyday work, when the need arises to stimulate employees’ innovativeness. Several hundred original examples provided in these chapters are meant to serve either as direct triggers of creativity (Appendix to Chapter 11) or potentially useful cases to enrich one’s thinking about their problems to be solved (examples of the TRIZ method in Appendix to Chapter 4 and examples of the SCAMPER method in Appendix to Chapter 10). Third, modeling innovation dynamics using game theory (Chapter 7) and quantifying within-organization diversity with methods that are borrowed from community ecology, open novel opportunities for researchers in the area of management (Chapter 3). The existence of team roles creates a natural organizational setting through which plurality of employee views on the main business model of the organization are expressed. Since each team role has a unique view on the importance of particular components of the business model, an informal but very dynamic diversity of business models co-existing in the organization arises. I adopt quantitative concepts and methods from ecology to show how the diversity of team-role views can be assessed. Furthermore, the same method can be used to capture the diversity of views on business models among individual employees, especially at managerial and executive level. In a turbulent business environment an organization’s flexibility may be improved by internal diversity of the ways its business model is implemented. Finally, several topics may be used in the educational context, with very low barriers to entry for the student users. Reciprocity as a mechanism promoting cooperation and building trust (Chapters 2 and 3) is, in my view, a fundamental concept when teaching about organizational behavior. Game theory is useful in strategic management. The heuristic methods mentioned above are key to implementing a very effective approach in creative thinking and innovation management courses.