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Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research

Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research PDF Author: Daniel Strech
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319287311
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 225

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Book Description
In this book, scholars with different disciplinary and national backgrounds argue for possible answers and analyse case studies on current issues of governance in biomedical research. These issues comprise among others the research-care distinction, risk evaluation in early human trials, handling of incidental findings, nocebo effects, cluster randomized trials, publication bias, or consent in biobank research. This book demonstrates how new technologies and research possibilities multiply or intensify already known governance challenges, leaving room for ethical analysis and complex moral choices. Clinical researchers, research ethics committee members and research ethicists have all to deal with such challenges on a daily basis. While general reflection on core concepts of research ethics is seldom pointless, those confronted with hard moral choices do need more practical and contextualized reflection on the said issues. This book particularly provides such contextualized reflections and aims to inform all those who study, conduct, regulate, fund, or participate in biomedical research.

Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research

Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research PDF Author: Daniel Strech
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319287311
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 225

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Book Description
In this book, scholars with different disciplinary and national backgrounds argue for possible answers and analyse case studies on current issues of governance in biomedical research. These issues comprise among others the research-care distinction, risk evaluation in early human trials, handling of incidental findings, nocebo effects, cluster randomized trials, publication bias, or consent in biobank research. This book demonstrates how new technologies and research possibilities multiply or intensify already known governance challenges, leaving room for ethical analysis and complex moral choices. Clinical researchers, research ethics committee members and research ethicists have all to deal with such challenges on a daily basis. While general reflection on core concepts of research ethics is seldom pointless, those confronted with hard moral choices do need more practical and contextualized reflection on the said issues. This book particularly provides such contextualized reflections and aims to inform all those who study, conduct, regulate, fund, or participate in biomedical research.

Governance Ethics in Healthcare Organizations

Governance Ethics in Healthcare Organizations PDF Author: Gerard Magill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000036332
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
Drawing on the findings of a series of empirical studies undertaken with boards of directors and CEOs in the United States, this groundbreaking book develops a new paradigm to provide a structured analysis of ethical healthcare governance. Governance Ethics in Healthcare Organizations begins by presenting a clear framework for ethical analysis, designed around basic features of ethics – who we are, how we function, and what we do – before discussing the paradigm in relation to clinical, organizational and professional ethics. It goes on to apply this framework in areas that are pivotal for effective governance in healthcare: oversight structures for trustees and executives, community benefit, community health, patient care, patient safety and conflicted collaborative arrangements. This book is an important read for all those interested in healthcare management, corporate governance and healthcare ethics, including academics, students and practitioners.

The Ethics of Biomedical Big Data

The Ethics of Biomedical Big Data PDF Author: Brent Daniel Mittelstadt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319815350
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 480

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Book Description
This book presents cutting edge research on the new ethical challenges posed by biomedical Big Data technologies and practices. ‘Biomedical Big Data’ refers to the analysis of aggregated, very large datasets to improve medical knowledge and clinical care. The book describes the ethical problems posed by aggregation of biomedical datasets and re-use/re-purposing of data, in areas such as privacy, consent, professionalism, power relationships, and ethical governance of Big Data platforms. Approaches and methods are discussed that can be used to address these problems to achieve the appropriate balance between the social goods of biomedical Big Data research and the safety and privacy of individuals. Seventeen original contributions analyse the ethical, social and related policy implications of the analysis and curation of biomedical Big Data, written by leading experts in the areas of biomedical research, medical and technology ethics, privacy, governance and data protection. The book advances our understanding of the ethical conundrums posed by biomedical Big Data, and shows how practitioners and policy-makers can address these issues going forward.

Social Science Research Ethics in Africa

Social Science Research Ethics in Africa PDF Author: Nico Nortjé
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030154025
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 253

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Book Description
This book gives a voice to debates surrounding social science research ethics in Africa and brings them together in a coherent form to assist readers in being at the forefront of the discussions. The book gives an overview of the importance of research ethics in social sciences, as well as articulating the African influence on the subject matter. Subsequently it looks into specific frameworks and tools that researchers can apply in the process of doing research. Last but not least it also takes an in-depth look at traditional ethical issues pertaining to research in social sciences, through the lens of the African continent. This is the first book on social science research ethics in an African context and an indispensable resource for researchers, students, policy makers and research institutions in or interested in African research ethics.

Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research

Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research PDF Author: Duff William Ramus Waring
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802086438
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 281

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Book Description
When a young man named Jesse Gelsinger died in 1999 as a result of his participation in a gene transfer research study, regulatory agencies in the United States began to take a closer look at what was happening in medical research. The resulting temporary shutdown of some of the most prestigious academic research centres confirmed what various recent reports in the United States as well as Canada had claimed; that the current system of regulatory oversight was in need of improvement. Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research uses the Gelinger case as a touchstone, illustrating how three major aspects of that case - the flaws in the regulatory system, conflicts of interest, and legal liability - embody the major challenges in the current medical research environment. Editors Trudo Lemmens and Duff R. Waring, along with a host of top scholars in the field, demonstrate why existing models of research review and human subject protection are in need of improvement, and how more stringent regulatory and legal means can be used to strengthen the protection of research subjects and the integrity of research. The contributors also address conflicts of interest, paying particular attention to the growing commercialization of medical research, as well as the legal liability of scientific investigators, research institutions, and governmental agencies. Legal liability is a growing concern in medical research and this fascinating study is, in the international context, one of the first to explore the liability of various parties involved in the research enterprise.

Rechtliche Aspekte der Genom-Editierung an der menschlichen Keimbahn

Rechtliche Aspekte der Genom-Editierung an der menschlichen Keimbahn PDF Author: Jochen Taupitz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366259028X
Category : Law
Languages : de
Pages : 559

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Book Description
Das Buch enthält 19 Landesberichte und eine rechtsvergleichende Analyse der rechtlichen Regelungen zum Verfahren der Genom-Editierung an der menschlichen Keimbahn. Es wird herausgearbeitet, welche gemeinsamen Werte die verschiedenen Rechtsordnungen verbinden und welche Unterschiede bestehen. Auf dieser Grundlage wird untersucht, ob eine internationale Regulierung der Thematik möglich ist und wie diese ausgestaltet sein könnte. Zudem soll untersucht werden, in wie weit die Regelungen anderer Länder als Modell für die deutsche Gesetzgebung dienen können.

Islam and Biomedical Research Ethics

Islam and Biomedical Research Ethics PDF Author: Mehrunisha Suleman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429575424
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description
This book is a contribution to the nascent discourse on global health and biomedical research ethics involving Muslim populations and Islamic contexts. It presents a rich sociological account about the ways in which debates and questions involving Islam within the biomedical research context are negotiated - a perspective which is currently lacking within the broader bioethics literature. The book tackles some key understudied areas including: role of faith in moral deliberations within biomedical research ethics, the moral anxiety and frustration experienced by researchers when having to negotiate multiple moral sources and how the marginalisation of women, the prejudice and abuse faced by groups such as sex workers and those from the LGBT community are encountered and negotiated in such contexts. The volume provides a valuable resource for researchers and scholars in this area by providing a systematic review of ethical guidelines and a rich case-based account of the ethical issues emerging in biomedical research in contexts where Islam and the religious moral commitments of Muslims are pertinent. The book will be essential for those conducting research in low and middle income countries that have significant Muslim populations and for those in Muslim-minority settings. It will also appeal to researchers and scholars in religious studies, social sciences, philosophy, anthropology and theology, as well as the fields of biomedical ethics, Islamic ethics and global health..

An Ethical Framework for Global Governance for Health Research

An Ethical Framework for Global Governance for Health Research PDF Author: Kiarash Aramesh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783030311315
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 180

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Book Description
This book provides a comprehensive description and ethical analysis of one of the most challenging areas: international health research. Furthermore, it provides a vivid portrait of the current situation of global governance for health research and its main challenges and suggests a comprehensive and universal ethical framework based on the existing theories and frameworks. This work is a must-read for all the students, scholars, professionals, activists, and policy-makers who are involved or interested in the global health research enterprise and its governance and ethics.

Genomics and Bioethics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Technologies and Advancements

Genomics and Bioethics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Technologies and Advancements PDF Author: Hongladarom, Soraj
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1616928859
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 332

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Book Description
"This book focuses on ethical, social, cultural, and legal implications of genetics, genomics and genetic databanking as they relate to concrete cultural and historical traditions"--Provided by publisher.

Ethics, Law and Governance of Biobanking

Ethics, Law and Governance of Biobanking PDF Author: Deborah Mascalzoni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401795738
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 277

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Book Description
Biobank research and genomic information are changing the way we look at health and medicine. Genomics challenges our values and has always been controversial and difficult to regulate. In the future lies the promise of tailored medical treatments and pharmacogenomics but the borders between medical research and clinical practice are becoming blurred. We see sequencing platforms for research that can have diagnostic value for patients. Clinical applications and research have been kept separate, but the blurring lines challenges existing regulations and ethical frameworks. Then how do we regulate it? This book contains an overview of the existing regulatory landscape for biobank research in the Western world and some critical chapters to show how regulations and ethical frameworks are developed and work. How should international sharing work? How design an ethical informed consent? An underlying critique: the regulatory systems are becoming increasingly complex and opaque. The international community is building systems that should respond to that. According to the authors in fact, it is time to turn the ship around. Biobank researchers have a moral responsibility to look at and assess their work in relation to the bigger picture: the shared norms and values of current society. Research ethics shouldn’t only be a matter of bioethicists writing guidelines that professionals have to follow. Ethics should be practiced through discourse and regulatory frameworks need to be part of that public discourse. Ethics review should be then not merely application of bureaucracy and a burden for researchers but an arena where researchers discuss their projects, receive advice and practice their ethics skills.