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Controlling Institutions

Controlling Institutions PDF Author: Randall W. Stone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495666
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
How is the United States able to control the IMF with only 17 per cent of the votes? How are the rules of the global economy made? This book shows how a combination of formal and informal rules explains how international organizations really work. Randall W. Stone argues that formal rules apply in ordinary times, while informal power allows leading states to exert control when the stakes are high. International organizations are therefore best understood as equilibrium outcomes that balance the power and interests of the leading state and the member countries. Presenting a new model of institutional design and comparing the IMF, WTO, and EU, Stone argues that institutional variations reflect the distribution of power and interests. He shows that US interests influence the size, terms, and enforcement of IMF programs, and new data, archival documents, and interviews reveal the shortcomings of IMF programs in Mexico, Russia, Korea, Indonesia, and Argentina.

Controlling Institutions

Controlling Institutions PDF Author: Randall W. Stone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495666
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
How is the United States able to control the IMF with only 17 per cent of the votes? How are the rules of the global economy made? This book shows how a combination of formal and informal rules explains how international organizations really work. Randall W. Stone argues that formal rules apply in ordinary times, while informal power allows leading states to exert control when the stakes are high. International organizations are therefore best understood as equilibrium outcomes that balance the power and interests of the leading state and the member countries. Presenting a new model of institutional design and comparing the IMF, WTO, and EU, Stone argues that institutional variations reflect the distribution of power and interests. He shows that US interests influence the size, terms, and enforcement of IMF programs, and new data, archival documents, and interviews reveal the shortcomings of IMF programs in Mexico, Russia, Korea, Indonesia, and Argentina.

Energy Transition and the Local Community

Energy Transition and the Local Community PDF Author: Dan Rose
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 1512809616
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
The worldwide shift from coal to oil-based technology was devastating for many communities. This book tells the story of one such community: Hazleton, Pennsylvania. Through this case study, Rose defines both the vulnerability and the strength of local populations whose fortunes rest with the energy economy of the world.

Report to the Council on the Session of the Committee

Report to the Council on the Session of the Committee PDF Author: League of Nations. Financial Committee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Juta's Statutes of South Africa

Juta's Statutes of South Africa PDF Author: South Africa
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

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American Economic Development

American Economic Development PDF Author: Lester Samuel Levy
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Economic history
Languages : en
Pages : 623

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The Consciousness Industry

The Consciousness Industry PDF Author: Hans Magnus Enzensberger
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Literature and society
Languages : en
Pages : 184

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Controlling Governments

Controlling Governments PDF Author: José María Maravall
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521884101
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 311

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Book Description
How much influence do citizens have to control the government? What guides voters at election time? Why do governments survive? How do institutions modify the power of the people over politicians? The book combines academic analytical rigor with comparative analysis to identify how much information voters must have to select a politician for office, or for holding a government accountable; whether parties in power can help voters to control their governments; how different institutional arrangements influence voters' control; why politicians choose particular electoral systems; and what economic and social conditions may undermine not only governments, but democracy. Arguments are backed by vast macro and micro empirical evidence. There are cross-country comparisons and survey analyses of many countries. In every case there has been an attempt to integrate analytical arguments and empirical research. The goal is to shed new light on perplexing questions of positive democratic theory.

Laws and Institutional Mechanisms Controlling the Release of Pesticides Into the Environment

Laws and Institutional Mechanisms Controlling the Release of Pesticides Into the Environment PDF Author: Beatrice Hort Holmes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Pesticides
Languages : en
Pages : 140

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International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Cancer
Languages : en
Pages :

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Dear Jim: Our History of Itis

Dear Jim: Our History of Itis PDF Author: John Barber
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1450286097
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 276

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Book Description
The ongoing battle between free individuals and our moribund institutions for the control of information resources, information technology and information systems began with the sexual gods. The chief god Atum, controller of Cosmos, declared sex ungodly and messy, outcomes unpredictable. A sexless god, Atum, though supreme, was unable to control Ra, Thoth, and the seven other sexual gods. With Atumic frustration Atum confined the sexual gods to the Solar System, but with a dire warning: if their activities destabilized the Cosmos they would feel the full force of Atumic wrath. Sibling squabbles between Ra and Thoth spawned endless conflict. Fear for their godly survival forced Ra and Thoth to confine their fight to the Earthly environment. One outcome: Homo Saps, a unique species combining Thought-processing with godlike features and hominid-animal sexuality. Both Ra and Thoth used Homo Saps as foot soldiers. Thoth invented Information Technology/Information System or ITIS (pronounced eye-tis) tools as weapons to help them free themselves from Ras inhibiting controls. Homo Saps used the ITIS tools in establishing, controlling and stabilizing the first Earthly civilizations: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Ancient India, and Ancient China at the direction of the gods. Homo Saps increasing skills with the ITIS tools allowed them to develop independent Thought processing and break free of godly controls. The Ancient Greek Homo Sap Aristotle and his philosopher predecessors captured the moment by developing their own ITIS applications and demonstrated Homo Saps Thought processing freedoms. They developed the first user-friendly ITIS tool that would change their Earthly reality forever: the 22-letter alphabet. Dear Jim: Our History of IT IS traces the development of the ITIS tools OralITIS, ImageITIS, CalendarITIS, WritingITIS, and AlphabetITIS and their impact on civilizations before the death of Aristotle.