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Controlling Institutions

Controlling Institutions PDF Author: Randall W. Stone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495666
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
How is the United States able to control the IMF with only 17 per cent of the votes? How are the rules of the global economy made? This book shows how a combination of formal and informal rules explains how international organizations really work. Randall W. Stone argues that formal rules apply in ordinary times, while informal power allows leading states to exert control when the stakes are high. International organizations are therefore best understood as equilibrium outcomes that balance the power and interests of the leading state and the member countries. Presenting a new model of institutional design and comparing the IMF, WTO, and EU, Stone argues that institutional variations reflect the distribution of power and interests. He shows that US interests influence the size, terms, and enforcement of IMF programs, and new data, archival documents, and interviews reveal the shortcomings of IMF programs in Mexico, Russia, Korea, Indonesia, and Argentina.

Controlling Institutions

Controlling Institutions PDF Author: Randall W. Stone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495666
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
How is the United States able to control the IMF with only 17 per cent of the votes? How are the rules of the global economy made? This book shows how a combination of formal and informal rules explains how international organizations really work. Randall W. Stone argues that formal rules apply in ordinary times, while informal power allows leading states to exert control when the stakes are high. International organizations are therefore best understood as equilibrium outcomes that balance the power and interests of the leading state and the member countries. Presenting a new model of institutional design and comparing the IMF, WTO, and EU, Stone argues that institutional variations reflect the distribution of power and interests. He shows that US interests influence the size, terms, and enforcement of IMF programs, and new data, archival documents, and interviews reveal the shortcomings of IMF programs in Mexico, Russia, Korea, Indonesia, and Argentina.

Controlling Institutions

Controlling Institutions PDF Author: Randall W. Stone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107005402
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 274

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Book Description
How is the United States able to control the IMF with only 17% of the votes? How are the rules of the global economy made? This book shows how a combination of formal and informal rules explain how international organizations really work. Randall W. Stone argues that formal rules apply in ordinary times, while informal power allows leading states to exert control when the stakes are high. International organizations are therefore best understood as equilibrium outcomes that balance the power and interests of the leading state and the member countries. Presenting a new model of institutional design and comparing the IMF, WTO and EU, Stone argues that institutional variations reflect the distribution of power and interests. He shows that US interests influence the size, terms and enforcement of IMF programs, and new data, archival documents and interviews reveal the shortcomings of IMF programs in Mexico, Russia, Korea, Indonesia and Argentina.

Energy Transition and the Local Community

Energy Transition and the Local Community PDF Author: Dan Rose
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 1512809616
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 212

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Book Description
The worldwide shift from coal to oil-based technology was devastating for many local communities. Energy Transition and the Local Community is the story of one such community: Hazleton, Pennsylvania. Hazleton's economy, dependent solely on the mining of surrounding beds of anthracite coal, was destroyed by the changeover to oil. Yet Hazleton, when confronted with a catastrophic recession and a declining population, organized to attract new industry and eventually saw its local economy revitalized. Local communities are deeply affected whenever new forms of energy are exploited and older forms abandoned. Those communities, however, are almost uniformly ignored in ecological, environmental, and policy statements. Dan Rose, a specialist in the emerging science of human ecology, observes how energy-linked world economic fluctuations directly affect local economies. By merging theory with actual data from small communities, Rose is able to demonstrate how the decreasing availability of petroleum is pushing developed countries—exemplified by the community of Hazleton, Pennsylvania— into a new wave of recession. Hazleton, as an example, offers hope. Using this community's experience to build a model, Rose defines both the vulnerability and the strength of local populations whose fortunes rest with the energy economy of the world. A working knowledge of this model will contribute to our understanding of human adaptation and help national and local leaders cope with an imminent energy changeover.

Report to the Council on the Session of the Committee

Report to the Council on the Session of the Committee PDF Author: League of Nations. Financial Committee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 606

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Dear Jim: Our History of Itis

Dear Jim: Our History of Itis PDF Author: John Barber
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1450286097
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 276

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Book Description
The ongoing battle between free individuals and our moribund institutions for the control of information resources, information technology and information systems began with the sexual gods. The chief god Atum, controller of Cosmos, declared sex ungodly and messy, outcomes unpredictable. A sexless god, Atum, though supreme, was unable to control Ra, Thoth, and the seven other sexual gods. With Atumic frustration Atum confined the sexual gods to the Solar System, but with a dire warning: if their activities destabilized the Cosmos they would feel the full force of Atumic wrath. Sibling squabbles between Ra and Thoth spawned endless conflict. Fear for their godly survival forced Ra and Thoth to confine their fight to the Earthly environment. One outcome: Homo Saps, a unique species combining Thought-processing with godlike features and hominid-animal sexuality. Both Ra and Thoth used Homo Saps as foot soldiers. Thoth invented Information Technology/Information System or ITIS (pronounced eye-tis) tools as weapons to help them free themselves from Ras inhibiting controls. Homo Saps used the ITIS tools in establishing, controlling and stabilizing the first Earthly civilizations: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Ancient India, and Ancient China at the direction of the gods. Homo Saps increasing skills with the ITIS tools allowed them to develop independent Thought processing and break free of godly controls. The Ancient Greek Homo Sap Aristotle and his philosopher predecessors captured the moment by developing their own ITIS applications and demonstrated Homo Saps Thought processing freedoms. They developed the first user-friendly ITIS tool that would change their Earthly reality forever: the 22-letter alphabet. Dear Jim: Our History of IT IS traces the development of the ITIS tools OralITIS, ImageITIS, CalendarITIS, WritingITIS, and AlphabetITIS and their impact on civilizations before the death of Aristotle.

How Global Institutions Rule the World

How Global Institutions Rule the World PDF Author: Josep M Colomer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137475080
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 219

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Book Description
This book reviews bureau-type organizations delivering network goods, documenting how most global institutions greatly improved their effectiveness during the last few decades. In the current globalized world, the design and choice of appropriate institutional rules and procedures can result in effective and democratic global government.

Laws and Institutional Mechanisms Controlling the Release of Pesticides Into the Environment

Laws and Institutional Mechanisms Controlling the Release of Pesticides Into the Environment PDF Author: Beatrice Hort Holmes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Pesticides
Languages : en
Pages : 140

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Institutional Choice and Global Commerce

Institutional Choice and Global Commerce PDF Author: Joseph Jupille
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107038952
Category : Bibles
Languages : en
Pages : 267

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Book Description
Why do institutions emerge, change, persist and die? This book challenges conventional theoretical views using the history of global commerce.

Theoretical Criminology from Modernity to Post-Modernism

Theoretical Criminology from Modernity to Post-Modernism PDF Author: Wayne Morrison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135427011
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 562

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Book Description
This book incorporates many of the exciting debates in the social sciences and philosophy of knowledge concerning the issues of modernity and post-modernism. It sets out a new project for criminology, a criminology of modernity, and offers a sustained critique of theorizing without a concern for social totalities. This book is designed to place criminological theory at the cutting edge of contemporary debates. Wayne Morrison reviews the history and present state of criminology and identifies a range of social problems and large scale social processes which must be addressed if the subject is to attain intellectual commitment. This book marks a new development in criminological texts and will serve a valuable function not only for students and academics but for all those interested in the project of understanding crime in contemporary conditions.

Controlling Crime Through More Effective Law Enforcement

Controlling Crime Through More Effective Law Enforcement PDF Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Criminal Laws and Procedures
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Crime
Languages : en
Pages : 1240

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