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BRAF Targets in Melanoma

BRAF Targets in Melanoma PDF Author: Ryan J. Sullivan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493921423
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Book Description
​This volume contains a collection of writings from the leaders in the fields of Molecular Biology and Melanoma Research which will begin to tell the ever-expanding story of the most recent findings, discoveries, and potential of BRAF-directed targets in melanoma. Recent research has shown that BRAF inhibitors are effective for a short period of time, but there is little hope that this drugs as single agents will lead to durable benefit in a majority of patients. Among scientists and researchers who work in drug discovery, there is a lot of interest in the development of molecularly targeted cancer agents. Namely, the identification of a molecular target, the selection of molecules which effectively inhibit this target. What is starkly different about the development of this class of compounds, however, is that the mechanism of action of these agents are not as straightforward as was once previously assumed and the mechanisms of resistance that tumor cells employ to evade complete destruction are unlike any that have been described before. These discoveries in addition to utilization of modern molecular biology techniques have led to a series of hypotheses regarding which other types of molecules could be used in combination with BRAF-inhibitors in hopes of revolutionizing the potential of therapeutics in melanoma.

BRAF Targets in Melanoma

BRAF Targets in Melanoma PDF Author: Ryan J. Sullivan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493921423
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 204

View

Book Description
​This volume contains a collection of writings from the leaders in the fields of Molecular Biology and Melanoma Research which will begin to tell the ever-expanding story of the most recent findings, discoveries, and potential of BRAF-directed targets in melanoma. Recent research has shown that BRAF inhibitors are effective for a short period of time, but there is little hope that this drugs as single agents will lead to durable benefit in a majority of patients. Among scientists and researchers who work in drug discovery, there is a lot of interest in the development of molecularly targeted cancer agents. Namely, the identification of a molecular target, the selection of molecules which effectively inhibit this target. What is starkly different about the development of this class of compounds, however, is that the mechanism of action of these agents are not as straightforward as was once previously assumed and the mechanisms of resistance that tumor cells employ to evade complete destruction are unlike any that have been described before. These discoveries in addition to utilization of modern molecular biology techniques have led to a series of hypotheses regarding which other types of molecules could be used in combination with BRAF-inhibitors in hopes of revolutionizing the potential of therapeutics in melanoma.

BRAF Targets in Melanoma

BRAF Targets in Melanoma PDF Author: Ryan J. Sullivan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493921436
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Book Description
​This volume contains a collection of writings from the leaders in the fields of Molecular Biology and Melanoma Research which will begin to tell the ever-expanding story of the most recent findings, discoveries, and potential of BRAF-directed targets in melanoma. Recent research has shown that BRAF inhibitors are effective for a short period of time, but there is little hope that this drugs as single agents will lead to durable benefit in a majority of patients. Among scientists and researchers who work in drug discovery, there is a lot of interest in the development of molecularly targeted cancer agents. Namely, the identification of a molecular target, the selection of molecules which effectively inhibit this target. What is starkly different about the development of this class of compounds, however, is that the mechanism of action of these agents are not as straightforward as was once previously assumed and the mechanisms of resistance that tumor cells employ to evade complete destruction are unlike any that have been described before. These discoveries in addition to utilization of modern molecular biology techniques have led to a series of hypotheses regarding which other types of molecules could be used in combination with BRAF-inhibitors in hopes of revolutionizing the potential of therapeutics in melanoma.

Human Skin Cancers

Human Skin Cancers PDF Author: Miroslav Blumenberg
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1789230942
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 214

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Book Description
Human skin cancers, the most common type of tumors, represent a significant health burden. The deadliest is unquestionably melanoma. Half of melanomas have an activating mutation in the BRAF gene, prompting development of novel drugs, vemurafenib and dabrafenib, specifically targeting mutated BRAF. Trametinib and cobimetinib, which block MEK, a BRAF effector protein, have been used in combination with BRAF inhibitors. A promising new melanoma treatment is immunotherapy, approach that boosts patient's own immune system to attack cancer. Pembrolizumab and nivolumab inhibit PD-1, whereas Ipilimumab targets CTLA-4, another immunity check point, to boost the immune response. Here we focus on pathways, mechanisms, targets and treatments of human skin cancers, with particular emphasis on the new developments in the research on melanomas.

Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets in Melanoma

Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets in Melanoma PDF Author: Michael J. Murphy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781607614333
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 322

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Book Description
This book describes both the technologies used in the discovery of melanoma biomarkers and the clinical application of these biomarkers for diagnosis and staging of disease, determination of prognosis, treatment planning, monitoring of response to therapy, identification of novel therapeutic targets and drug development. A broad range of biomarkers (DNA/chromosomal, mRNA, microRNA, mitochondrial DNA, epigenetic and protein) is outlined. As therapies for melanoma become increasingly more target specific, the identification, validation and use of biomarkers will invariably play a greater role in the management of patients with this disease. Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets in Melanoma is an essential resource for oncologists, dermatologists, dermatopathologists, general pathologists with an interest in melanoma, and melanoma researchers.

Melanoma

Melanoma PDF Author: William H. Sharfman, MD
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 193628779X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 238

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Book Description
This issue of Emerging Cancer Therapeutics provides a comprehensive review for practitioners on the current status of melanoma treatment. Due to recent drug approvals and increasing ability to offer combined agents, there are many more treatment options available to melanoma patients than even a few years ago. Especially significant are the recent FDA approval of the immunotherapeutic agent ipilimumab for metastatic melanoma, and new agents targeting the BRAF gene in malignant melanoma (these two developments cited among the top 5 most significant advances in oncology for 2011). There is also coverage of the most recent data pertaining to surgical management, staging and prevention, and melanoma in children. The authorship of the articles is outstanding and represents national and global authorities on the topics reviewed.

Human Skin Cancer, Potential Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets

Human Skin Cancer, Potential Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets PDF Author: Miroslav Blumenberg
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9535127101
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 152

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Book Description
Skin cancers, basal and squamous cell carcinomas, malignant melanomas, and Merkel cell carcinomas, constitute arguably the most common and increasingly prevalent human neoplasms. Here we discuss the epigenetic changes in DNA and chromatin, which are increasingly associated with melanoma. Several chapters focus on the posttranscriptional modification of the proteins at the melanocyte cell surface, their role in tumorigenesis, and their potential as therapeutic targets. Specifically, extracellular modifications of integrins, glycosylation of cell surface proteins, and changes of cadherins are presented. In a very interesting approach, a potential to target the mitochondria of melanoma cells is investigated. In conclusion, this volume presents various aspects of human skin cancers, components of the large worldwide effort to combat and eradicate this growing health concern.

Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy

Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy PDF Author: Wafik S El-Deiry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461461766
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 448

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Book Description
​​​The volume provides a forum for original peer-reviewed short communications, full-length research and review articles on new research findings and developments on the topic of genetic targets on cancer therapies. As the field is highly important it requires co-operation between research communities from all over the world to share their knowledge and experience in order to move the field forward. Each chapter includes a discussion of the impact of the tumor microenvironment and cancer stem cells and cover current knowledge in this area as it pertains to the disease, including emerging therapy targeting the microenvironment and/or cancer stem cells.

Biotargets of Cancer in Current Clinical Practice

Biotargets of Cancer in Current Clinical Practice PDF Author: Mauro Bologna
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1617796158
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 564

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Book Description
Biotargets of Cancer in Current Clinical Practice presents an updated and reasoned review of the current status of knowledge concerning the major cancer types with a special focus on the current biomarkers, genes involved and the potential future targets of innovative therapies. The volume includes for each major cancer type, a comprehensive although concise discussion of epidemiology, affirmed and innovative biomarkers for diagnosis, and descriptions of the relevant genes for prognosis and (individualized) therapy through biotarget-specific new molecular treatments, with the latest information on the validation status of each novel biomarker. Individual chapters are dedicated to the major cancer types, plus a special chapter on metastasis. The present debate on patentability of genetic information applied to diagnostics and therapeutics of cancer is also discussed.

Bioactive Sphingolipids in Cancer Biology and Therapy

Bioactive Sphingolipids in Cancer Biology and Therapy PDF Author: Yusuf A. Hannun
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319207504
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 490

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Book Description
This volume presents information on both the basic and clinical aspects of sphingolipid-metabolizing enzymes in various cancers. The volume also includes discussions of the innovative techniques and approaches for quantitative analysis and imaging that could significantly impact the general understanding of this topic, and the potential benefit of targeting sphingolipid enzymes to develop novel cancer therapeutics. As well, the volume includes a critical examination of the specific pathways and pathobiologies associated with the altered regulation of sphingolipid metabolism as a contributor to the development and/or maintenance of pathological conditions such as cancer.

Melanomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition

Melanomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition PDF Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 146490023X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 431

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Book Description
Melanomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Melanomas. The editors have built Melanomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Melanomas in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Melanomas: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.