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Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in Its Insular and Continental Context

Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in Its Insular and Continental Context PDF Author: Rena Maguire
Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology
ISBN: 9781789699913
Category : Excavations (Archaeology)
Languages : en
Pages : 294

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Book Description
Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in its Insular and Continental Contextis the first practical archaeological study of Irish Iron Age lorinery. The volume examines the bits and bosals (Y-pieces) holistically, using practical stable-yard knowledge merged with archaeological techniques such as morphometrics, use-wear, GIS, functional comparison to European and British equipment and distribution analysis to place it within its time and place. Irish Iron Age artefacts have always been beset by issues of chronology, but by using these various analytical methods, a more precise timeframe for the objects is indicated. A complex relationship with Roman Britain and the Empire also becomes visible, with aspects of identity and belief being expressed through the sophisticated equestrian equipment. The analysis of the bridle components reveal that the Ireland of the first centuries AD shares some characteristics with other boundary zones of the Roman Empire, such as Scotland and northern Germany, but also has its own unique interpretation of introduced technology. The Ireland of the Late Iron Age, then, is a society in flux, picking and choosing which traditions it maintains. The horse and associated equipment were very much at the heart of the social changes set in motion by contact with the Roman Empire, and as such, the examination of the snaffles and bosals allows us to bring the people of the Late Iron Age in Ireland into focus.

Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in Its Insular and Continental Context

Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in Its Insular and Continental Context PDF Author: Rena Maguire
Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology
ISBN: 9781789699913
Category : Excavations (Archaeology)
Languages : en
Pages : 294

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Book Description
Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in its Insular and Continental Contextis the first practical archaeological study of Irish Iron Age lorinery. The volume examines the bits and bosals (Y-pieces) holistically, using practical stable-yard knowledge merged with archaeological techniques such as morphometrics, use-wear, GIS, functional comparison to European and British equipment and distribution analysis to place it within its time and place. Irish Iron Age artefacts have always been beset by issues of chronology, but by using these various analytical methods, a more precise timeframe for the objects is indicated. A complex relationship with Roman Britain and the Empire also becomes visible, with aspects of identity and belief being expressed through the sophisticated equestrian equipment. The analysis of the bridle components reveal that the Ireland of the first centuries AD shares some characteristics with other boundary zones of the Roman Empire, such as Scotland and northern Germany, but also has its own unique interpretation of introduced technology. The Ireland of the Late Iron Age, then, is a society in flux, picking and choosing which traditions it maintains. The horse and associated equipment were very much at the heart of the social changes set in motion by contact with the Roman Empire, and as such, the examination of the snaffles and bosals allows us to bring the people of the Late Iron Age in Ireland into focus.

Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in its Insular and Continental Context

Irish Late Iron Age Equestrian Equipment in its Insular and Continental Context PDF Author: Rena Maguire
Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1789699924
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 294

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Book Description
This is the first practical archaeological study of Irish Iron Age lorinery. The horse and associated equipment were very much at the heart of the social changes set in motion by contact with the Roman Empire; the examination of the snaffles and bosals allows us to bring the people of the Late Iron Age in Ireland into focus.

Echoing Hooves: Studies on Horses and Their Effects on Medieval Societies

Echoing Hooves: Studies on Horses and Their Effects on Medieval Societies PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004466509
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 378

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Book Description
The horse was the essential animal for the medieval world: means of transport, a vehicle of social status and a cherished companion. This volume explores the ways in which horses shaped medieval societies.

The Liminal Horse

The Liminal Horse PDF Author: Rena Maguire
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 6158182168
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 316

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Book Description
The historical horse is at once material and abstract, as is the notion of the border. Borders and frontiers are not only markers delineating geographical spaces but also mental constructs: there are borders between order and disorder, between what is permitted and what is prohibited. Boundaries and liminal spaces also exist in the material, economic, political, moral, legal and religious spheres. In this volume, the contributing authors explore the theme of the liminality of the horse in all of these historical arenas, asking how does one reconcile the very different roles played by the horse in human history?

The Archaeology of Celtic Art

The Archaeology of Celtic Art PDF Author: D.W. Harding
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113426464X
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
More wide ranging, both geographically and chronologically, than any previous study, this well-illustrated book offers a new definition of Celtic art. Tempering the much-adopted art-historical approach, D.W. Harding argues for a broader definition of Celtic art and views it within a much wider archaeological context. He re-asserts ancient Celtic identity after a decade of deconstruction in English-language archaeology. Harding argues that there were communities in Iron Age Europe that were identified historically as Celts, regarded themselves as Celtic, or who spoke Celtic languages, and that the art of these communities may reasonably be regarded as Celtic art. This study will be indispensable for those people wanting to take a fresh and innovative perspective on Celtic Art.

Looting or Missioning

Looting or Missioning PDF Author: Egil Mikkelsen
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1789253195
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
Until now insular and continental material, mostly metal-work, found in pagan Viking Age graves in Norway, has been interpreted as looted material from churches and monasteries on the British Isles and the Continent. The raiding Vikings brought these objects back to their homeland where they were often broken up and used as jewellery or got alternative functions. Looting or Missioning looks at the use and functions of these sacred objects in their original Christian contexts. Based on such an analysis the author proposes an alternative interpretation of these objects: they were brought by Christian missionaries from different parts of the British Isles and the Continent to Norway. The objects were either personal (crosses, croziers, portable reliquaries etc.), objects used for baptism (hanging bowls), equipment to officiate a mass (mountings from books or reading equipment, altars or crosses) or to give the communion (pitchers, glass vessels, chalices, paten). We know from contemporary sources (Ansgar in Birka, Sweden in the ninth century) that missionaries brought this sort of equipment on their mission journeys. We also hear that missionaries were robbed, killed or chased off. Mikkelson interprets the sacred objects found in Viking Age pagan graves as objects that originate from the many unsuccessful mission attempts in Norway throughout the Viking Age. They changed function and were integrated in the pagan tradition. The conversion and Christianisation of Norway can thus be seen as a long-lasting process, at least from about 800 (but probably earlier) to the beginning of the eleventh century. As we must assume that the written sources on the subject are incomplete, the archaeological evidences are the main source. In addition to metal work and written sources, the dating and interpretation of stone crosses, rune stones, manuscript fragments and early Christian graves and churches are discussed. The main part of the manuscript regards the context of all these sources, studied in each part of Norway separately: Where do we find concentrations of objects that could support the interpretation of these being the result of mission attempts, and where can we combine archaeological and written sources to tentatively create more complete stories related to mission? One analysis is of special interest to British and Norwegian scholars and even a broader audience. It refers to the chieftain Ohthere from Northern Norway, who visited King Alfred the Great in Winchester in 890. The author finds a link between Alfred´s court and Ohthere´s farm which, it is argued, for was Borg at Vestvågøy, Lofoten, where the biggest Viking Age house in Northern Europe has been excavated. In the hall of this house were found a rare glass beaker with gold cross decorations, a Continental or British made pitcher, pieces of a bronze bowl and an æstel of gold. This last piece is only found in Northern Norway and in England, with Wessex and Mercia as the core areas. “The Alfred Jewel” (Ashmolean Museum) is also an æstel of the same main type, but much more splendid and with an inscription relating it to King Alfred. Mikkelson argues for a bishop being sent from Wessex and Alfred´s court on Ohthere´s ship back to Northern Norway as a missionary.

Beacons in the Landscape

Beacons in the Landscape PDF Author: Ian Brown
Publisher: Windgather Press
ISBN: 1909686271
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 267

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Book Description
Of all Britain's great archaeological monuments the Iron Age hillforts have arguably had the most profound impact on the landscape, if only because there are so many; yet we know very little about them. Were they recognised as being something special by those who created them or is the 'hillfort' purely an archaeologists' 'construct'? How were they constructed, who lived in them and to what uses were they put? This book, which is richly illustrated with photography of sites throughout England and Wales, addresses these and many other questions. After discussing the difficult issue of definition and the great excavations on which our knowledge is based, Ian Brown investigates in turn hillforts' origins, their architecture, and the role they played in Iron Age society. He also discusses the latest theories about their location, social significance and chronology. The book provides a valuable synthesis of the rich vein of research carried out in Britain on hillforts over the last thirty years. Hillforts' great variability poses many problems, and this book should help guide both the specialist and non-specialist alike though the complex literature. Furthermore, it has an important conservation objective. Land use in the modern era has not been kind to these monuments, with a significant number either disfigured or lost. Public consciousness of their importance needs raising if their management is to be improved and their future assured.

Art of the European Iron Age

Art of the European Iron Age PDF Author: J. V. S. Megaw
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Art, Celtic
Languages : en
Pages : 195

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Book Description
Gefässe - Rundplastik/Relief - Siedlung

The Archaeology of Celtic Art

The Archaeology of Celtic Art PDF Author: Dennis William Harding
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415351774
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 301

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Book Description
More wide ranging, both geographically and chronologically, than any previous study, this well-illustrated book offers a new definition of Celtic art. Tempering the much-adopted art-historical approach, D.W. Harding argues for a broader definition of Celtic art and views it within a much wider archaeological context. He re-asserts ancient Celtic identity after a decade of deconstruction in English-language archaeology. Harding argues that there were communities in Iron Age Europe that were identified historically as Celts, regarded themselves as Celtic, or who spoke Celtic languages, and that the art of these communities may reasonably be regarded as Celtic art. This study will be indispensable for those people wanting to take a fresh and innovative perspective on Celtic Art.

Pforzen und Bergakker

Pforzen und Bergakker PDF Author: Alfred Bammesberger
Publisher: Ruprecht Gmbh & Company
ISBN:
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : de
Pages : 316

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Book Description
English summary: Dieser Sammelband ist hauptsachlich den neueren Funden von Pforzen (Schnalle 1991 bzw. Entdeckung der Inschrift auf dem Elfenbeinring 1996) und Bergakker (1996) gewidmet. Er berucksichtigt aber auch neue Ansatze zu langer bekannten Inschriften wie Reistad (gefunden 1857 oder 1858) und Beitrage zum Stande der Forschung bei in Lesung und Authentizitat umstrittenen Inschriften wie derjenigen auf dem Kastchen von Braunschweig. Dieser Sammelband dient der interdisziplinaren Diskussion runologischer Problemstellungen sowie deren Losungsansatzen aus archaologischer, linguistischer, literar- und kunsthistorischer Sicht unter Beteiligung von Fachvertretern aus verschiedenen Philologien (Germanistik, Anglistik, Indogermanistik). German description: Dieser Sammelband ist hauptsachlich den neueren Funden von Pforzen (Schnalle 1991 bzw. Entdeckung der Inschrift auf dem Elfenbeinring 1996) und Bergakker (1996) gewidmet. Er berucksichtigt aber auch neue Ansatze zu langer bekannten Inschriften wie Reistad (gefunden 1857 oder 1858) und Beitrage zum Stande der Forschung bei in Lesung und Authentizitat umstrittenen Inschriften wie derjenigen auf dem Kastchen von Braunschweig. Dieser Sammelband dient der interdisziplinaren Diskussion runologischer Problemstellungen sowie deren Losungsansatzen aus archaologischer, linguistischer, literar- und kunsthistorischer Sicht unter Beteiligung von Fachvertretern aus verschiedenen Philologien (Germanistik, Anglistik, Indogermanistik).